Both Kosovo and Serbia have agreed to implement a number of agreements (previously signed on 14 February 2020) that will improve the rail and motorway link between the two countries and connect this infrastructure to a deep-water port in the Adriatic. In addition, both sides have pledged to work with the US on memoranda of understanding to “operate” the provision of loans to small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) and other bilateral projects without really specifying them. The implementation of these measures has long been hailed by Richard Grenell, Trump`s special envoy for Kosovo and Serbia and architect of Friday`s agreement in Washington, as the “backbone” of economic normalization between Belgrade and Pristina. According to Grenell, the 20-year struggle between Kosovo and Serbia will only be solved through economic normalization, youth employment and a growing economy. They can only start talking about political issues and the ultimate goal of mutual recognition when the economy begins to improve and trust between the two sides is established, according to the argument. “How can you claim that you are trying to make a definitive deal when the borders are not open and there is no flight between Pristina and Belgrade for the business world in order to carry out economic normalization? It`s just nonsense,” Grenell said as early as June 2020. In this regard, Kosovo`s commitment to join the “mini-Schengen zone”, announced by Serbia, Albania and North Macedonia in October 2019, seems to allay Grenell`s concerns. However, the following political economic logic to resolve the long-standing struggle between Belgrade and Pristina is wrong and deliberately neglects some obvious points. Meanwhile, signing an agreement is only a first step towards reconciliation, as any agreement must then be implemented – and implemented. On 13 December 2016, at the 3511th session of the Council of the European Union, delegates urged Kosovo to swiftly implement in good faith its share of all previous agreements, in particular the establishment of the Association/Community of Serb Majority Communities, and to cooperate constructively with Serbia in the formulation and implementation of future agreements.
 On December 29, 2016, Foreign Minister Ivica Dacic stressed the importance of maintaining dialogue and implementing all agreements, especially those that apply to the creation of the Community of Serb Communities.  On December 30, 27, 2016, Kosovar President Hashim Thaçi said he hoped the community issues would be resolved in early 2017. . .