Once the texts are final and legally revised, they will have to be translated into all the official languages of the EU and Mercosur.  The texts are then submitted to the European Commission for approval by the Council of Ministers of the European Union. Unanimity is required in the Council. If adopted, the Council will sign the agreement and forward it to the Mercosur countries and the European Parliament. An EU Association Agreement must also be approved by the national parliaments of all EU Member States. Ratification of the agreement by the national parliaments of the Mercosur countries is also necessary.  Overall, this is a process that can take many years.  However, in the EU, the commercial part of the agreement (and certain elements of the preamble, institutional provisions and final provisions) can be provisionally implemented as soon as ratification by Mercosur and approval by the European Parliament. The European Commission may also decide to present the trade column as a separate trade agreement. If the Mercosur countries and the Council agree, the separate trade agreement does not need to be approved by the parliaments of the EU Member States (trade falling within the exclusive competence of the EU) is sufficient.
 What remains of the Association Agreement still needs to be approved by all national parliaments and cannot be implemented provisionally.  The agreement, which is said to have 780 million people, aims to remove barriers to trade and promote high standards, with a commitment to sustainable forest management and conservation and respect for workers` rights. . . .