The Cotonou Agreement aims to reduce and eradicate poverty, while contributing to sustainable development and the gradual integration of ACP countries into the world economy. The revised Cotonou Agreement also covers the fight against impunity and the promotion of criminal justice by the International Criminal Court. The Cotonou Agreement is a treaty between the European Union and the African, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) Group of States. It was signed in June 2000 in Cotonou, Benin`s largest city, by 78 ACP countries  (Cuba has not signed) and the fifteen Member States of the European Union. It entered into force in 2003 and was revised in 2005 and 2010. 1985 Signature of the 3rd Lomé Convention by 65 ACP States and 10 European States (6th EDF). The focus is on food self-sufficiency in ACP countries. The Cotonou Agreement provides the general framework for the EU`s relations with the African, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) countries. It was adopted in 2000 to replace the 1975 Lomé Convention. Negotiations with the countries of the Southern African Development Community were also successfully concluded in July 2014. The agreement was signed in Kazan, Botswana, on 10 June 2016.
It entered into provisional application on 10 October 2016. The European Commission has drawn up recommendations for a Council decision on the negotiating mandate. The Council Decision authorised the opening of negotiations for a Partnership Agreement between the European Union and the countries of the African, Caribbean and Pacific Group of States. The main options of the Cotonou Agreement have not been imposed on the ACP countries, but are a conscious decision and are part of the ongoing development of the member countries of the group, whether it is the choice of economic liberalisation or a greater reaffirmation of political dialogue. This implies the democratisation of the ACP countries and the involvement of new actors in the implementation of cooperation. The serious economic crisis of the late 80s and 90s, during which civil society in acp countries played an increasingly active role in the fight against poverty, led in particular to a dialogue between social actors and governments. Governments expressed the view that it was necessary to take advantage of the dynamics of all sectors of society, including in order to reduce and ultimately eradicate poverty. Therefore, since the signing of the Cotonou Agreement, the ACP Group has taken steps to promote the organisation and strengthening of ACP civil society and the private sector. The ACP Group has established an ACP Civil Society Forum and a Private Sector Forum. These sectors now serve as mechanisms for implementing cooperation. ACP-EU cooperation has made it possible to control non-politicisation.
The most remarkable achievement of ACP-EU cooperation is that it has established a new type of relations between rich and poor countries, based on solidarity and partnership, independent participation in political agreements that can strengthen bilateral relations. Cooperation between the European Union and the ACP group began in 1975 with the first Lomé Convention, but the origin of this type of partnership dates back to the birth of Europe itself as an organised regional entity. Immediately after the signing of the Treaty of Rome in 1957, it created a path of cooperation with the overseas countries and territories (OCTs) of the six signatory countries: Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Luxembourg and Holland, that is, . . .